After general elections were held for the
first time in the United Province (1937) to form a responsible government under
the Government of India Act, 1935, the Congress Party swept the polls and
formed the first representative government in the province. Advocate Generals
appointed thereafter, till Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra, were as under:
Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra was born in Maryadpur (a very backward area with no transportation links), district Azamgarh, U.P., India, on Krishna Janmashtami and was so named. He was the eldest of the four sons and one daughter of Pt. Baijnath Misra, a top lawyer at the Azamgarh bar and an M.L.C. for a long period of time. His father was an exceptional student who topped in his Matriculation and Intermediate Examination.
Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra too had a shinning education career. He never stood second. His basic schooling started at the village, then he went to Banaras (Varanasi) in the Theosophical School under Dr. Mrs. Annie Beasant.
·1925 - He graduated with
honours in Economics securing 91% marks in English.
·1926 - He sat for the Indian
Civil Service Examination and stood first and created a record by securing
150/150 in the English paper, a record that can never be broken. However due to
his student day's speeches of freedom and his influence by Mahatma Gandhi he
was not selected.
·1927 - passed his law
Examination and joint the District Bar in 1928.
·1930- October, shifted to the
Allahabad High Court. He had an exceptional command of the Hindi, English and
·1942 - was imprisoned during
the freedom struggle in the Naini Central Jail along with Pt. Jawahar Lal
Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, P. D. Tandon and others.
·1951 - was offered Judgeship
but on his request he was reluctantly not appointed. He attained eminence in
the legal field with his flare of advocacy, depth of learning, sweet trapping
court craft, humility, and a photogenic memory. His simplicity and brilliance
was his landmark.
·1952 - was appointed Advocate
General, U.P. and continued till 9th March 1969 irrespective of the political
party which came to power during this period.
·1955 - was offered Supreme
Court Judgeship (being the first advocate to receive such distinction) without
being a judge. He then requested through the Chief Justice of Allahabad High
Court – Justice B. Malik the then Chief Minister and Home Minister to spare him
which again they did reluctantly. His reason was that he wanted to be in public
life, serving institutions and the public at large.
·1969 - Resigned as Advocate
General U.P. - the year his wife expired.
He served various social, cultural and educational institutions. He was the Chairman of the Bar Council, President of the Bar Association of Allahabad, President of the Mehta Research Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Physics and as a member of its executive council, President of the Prayag Sangeet Samiti, President of the Hindi Sahitya Sammellan to name a few. He also had the honour to serve the Allahabad University as its Hon’ Treasurar and as a member of its executive council.
He left the mortal body on 14th October 1975, on Dushehra, and was cremated with state honours.